Rebecca Walker (born November 17, 1969, as Rebecca Leventhal) is an American writer, feminist, and activist. Walker has been regarded as one of the prominent voices of Third Wave Feminism, and the coiner of the term "third wave", since publishing a 1992 article on feminism in Ms. magazine called "Becoming the Third Wave", in which she proclaimed: "I am the Third Wave."
November 17, 1969
Jackson, Mississippi, United States
|Alma mater||Yale University|
Walker's writing, teaching, and speeches focus on race, gender, politics, power, and culture. In her activism work, she helped co-found the Third Wave Fund that morphed into the Third Wave Foundation, an organization that supports young women of color, queer, intersex, and trans individuals by providing tools and resources they need to be leaders in their communities through activism and philanthropy.
Walker does extensive writing and speaking about gender, racial, economic, and social justice at universities around the United States and internationally.
In 1994, Time named Walker as one of the 50 future leaders of America. Her work has appeared in publications including The Washington Post, The Huffington Post, Salon, Glamour, and Essence and has been featured on CNN and MTV.
Early life and educationEdit
Born Rebecca Leventhal in 1969 in Jackson, Mississippi, she is the daughter of Alice Walker, an African-American writer whose work includes The Color Purple, and Melvyn R. Leventhal, a Jewish American civil rights lawyer. Her parents married in New York before going to Mississippi to work in civil rights. After her parents divorced in 1976, Walker spent her childhood alternating every two years between her father's home in the largely Jewish Riverdale section of the Bronx in New York City and her mother's largely African-American environment in San Francisco. Walker attended The Urban School of San Francisco.
When she was 15, she decided to change her surname from Leventhal to Walker, her mother's surname. After high school, she studied at Yale University, where she graduated cum laude in 1992. Walker identifies as Jewish and Black; her 2000 memoir is titled Black, White, and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self.
Emergence as a leader in feminismEdit
Walker first emerged as a prominent feminist at the age of 22 when she wrote an article for Ms. magazine titled "Becoming the Third Wave". In her article, Walker criticizes the confirmation of Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas after he was accused of sexually harassing Anita Hill, an attorney whom he supervised during his time at the Department of Education and the EEOC. Using this example, Walker addresses the oppression of the female voice and introduces the concept of Third-wave feminism. She defines "third-wave feminism" at the end of the article by saying "To be a feminist is to integrate an ideology of equality and female empowerment into the very fiber of life. It is to search for personal clarity in the midst of systemic destruction, to join in sisterhood with women when often we are divided, to understand power structures with the intention of challenging them."
The Third Wave FundEdit
After graduating from Yale University, she and Shannon Liss (now Shannon Liss-Riordan) co-founded the Third Wave Fund, a non-profit organization aimed at encouraging young women to get involved in activism and leadership roles. The organization's initial mission, based on Walker's article, was to "fill a void in young women's leadership and to mobilize young people to become more involved socially and politically in their communities." In its first year, the organization initiated a campaign that registered more than 20,000 new voters across the United States. The organization now provides grants to individuals and projects that support young women. The fund was adapted as The Third Wave Foundation in 1997 and continues to support young activists. In the wake of the November 2016 presidential election in the United States, the organization received more than four times the normal number of requests for emergency grants.
Walker views teaching as a way to give people the strength to speak the truth, to change perspectives, and to empower people with the ability to change the world. She lectures on writing memoirs, multi-generational feminism, diversity in the media, multi-racial identity, contemporary visual arts and emerging cultures.
Walker concentrates on speaking about multicultural identity (including her own), enlightened masculinity, and inter-generational and third-wave feminism at high schools, universities and conferences around the world. She has spoken at Harvard, Exeter, Head Royce, Oberlin, Smith, MIT, Xavier, Stanford, and Louisiana State University. She has also addressed organizations and corporations such as The National Council of Teachers of English, the Walker Art Center, the American Association of University Women, the National Women's Studies Association, Out and Equal, the National Organization for Women, and Hewitt Associates. In the United States, she has been featured on various popular media outlets such as Good Morning America, The Oprah Winfrey Show, and Charlie Rose.
Books and writingEdit
Walker's first major work was the book To be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism (1996), which consisted of articles that she compiled and edited. The book reevaluated the feminist movement of the time. Reviewer Emilie Fale, an Assistant Professor of Communication at Ithaca College, described it: "The twenty-three contributors in To Be Real offer varied perspectives and experiences that challenge our stereotypes of feminist beliefs as they negotiate the troubled waters of gender roles, identity politics and "power feminism". As a collection of "personal testimonies", this work shows how third-wave activists use personal narratives to describe their experiences with social and gender injustice. Contributors include feminist writers such as bell hooks and Naomi Wolf. According to Walker's website, this book has been taught in Gender Studies programs around the world.
In her memoir Black, White and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self (2000), Walker explores her early years in Mississippi as the child of parents who were active in the later years of the Civil Rights Movement. She also touches on living with two parents with very active careers, which she believes led to their separation. She discusses encountering racial prejudice and the difficulties of being mixed-race in a society with rigid cultural barriers. She also discusses developing her sexuality and identity as a bisexual woman.
Her 2007 memoir Baby Love: Choosing Motherhood After A Lifetime of Ambivalence explores her life with a stepson and biological son against a framework of feminism. She discusses traditional pregnancy topics, such as diet and preparing for labor. She encourages young women to understand that motherhood is possible even when they have a career or if they resist it because of having had a difficult childhood. She says the book addresses the "work versus motherhood" trade-off that women of her generation and younger face after growing up in a social landscape that believes women must make a choice in order to have children. She has said she was inspired to write the book by the birth of her son, Tenzin Walker. Her rearing of him has changed some of her views on motherhood and family bonds. The book also revealed Walker's "tempestuous" relationship with her mother, Alice Walker; the two did not speak for a number of years as Rebecca was critical of how her mother viewed motherhood and treated her as a child.
Walker was a contributing editor to Ms. magazine for many years. Her writing has been published in a range of magazines, such as Harper's, Essence, Glamour, Interview, Buddhadharma, Vibe, Child, and Mademoiselle magazines. She has appeared on CNN and MTV, and has been covered in The New York Times, Chicago Times, Esquire, Shambhala Sun, among other publications. Walker has taught workshops on writing at international conferences and MFA programs. She also works as a private publishing consultant.
Her first novel, Adé: A Love Story, was published in 2013. It features a biracial college student, Farida, who falls in love with Adé, a black Kenyan man. The couple's plan to marry is interrupted when Farida gets malaria and the two must struggle through a civil war in Kenya. The novel was generally well received by critics and laypeople alike.
- To Be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism (1996) (editor)
- Black, White and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self (2000)
- What Makes A Man: 22 Writers Imagine The Future (2004) (editor)
- Baby Love: Choosing Motherhood After a Lifetime of Ambivalence (2007)
- One Big Happy Family: 18 Writers Talk About Polyamory, Open Adoption, Mixed Marriage, Househusbandry, Single Motherhood, and Other Realities of Truly Modern Love (2009) (editor)
- Black Cool: One Thousand Streams of Blackness (Soft Skull Press, February 2012) (editor)
- Adé: A Love Story (2013), (novel)
- Women of Distinction Award from the American Association of University Women,
- "Feminist of the Year" award from the Fund for the Feminist Majority,
- "Paz y Justicia" award from the Vanguard Public Foundation,
- "Intrepid Award" from the National Organization for Women,
- "Champion of Choice" award from the California Abortion Rights Action League,
- "Women Who Could Be President Award" from the League of Women Voters.
- "HeathenGrrl's Blog: Becoming the Third Wave by Rebecca Walker". Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- Walker, Rebecca (October 27, 2011). "Anita Hill Woke Us Up". HuffPost. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- "About". rebeccawalker.com. Archived from the original on July 4, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- Rosenbloom, Stephanie (March 18, 2007). "Alice Walker – Rebecca Walker – Feminist – Feminist Movement – Children". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 20, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- "Speaking". rebeccawalker.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- Miller, Zeke J.; Lily Rothman (December 5, 2014). "What Happened to the 'Future Leaders' of the 1990s?". Time. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Full Biography". rebeccawalker.com. Archived from the original on November 20, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- Ross, Ross (April 8, 2007). "Rebecca Walker bringing message to Expo". Pensacola News Journal. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2007.
- Rosenbloom, Stephanie (March 18, 2007). "Evolution of a Feminist Daughter". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 14, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
- Walker, Rebecca (2000). Black, White, and Jewish: Autiobiography of a Shifting Self. Riverhead Books. ISBN 9781573221696.
- Walker, Rebecca (1992). "Becoming the Third Wave". Ms. Magazine. 11 (2): 39–41.
- Snyder, R. Claire (2008). "What Is Third‐Wave Feminism? A New Directions Essay". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 34 (1): 175–196. doi:10.1086/588436. ISSN 0097-9740. S2CID 144068546.
- The women's movement today : an encyclopedia of third-wave feminism. Heywood, Leslie. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. 2006. ISBN 0313331332. OCLC 60971806.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Walker, Rebecca (October 27, 2011). "Anita Hill Woke Us Up". HuffPost. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Walker, Rebecca (February 28, 2007), "Becoming the Third Wave" by Archived April 4, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. HeathenGrrl's Blog. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Bazeley, Alex (April 21, 2016). "Third-Wave Feminism". Washington Square News. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- History Archived October 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Third Wave Foundation. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "Welcome to Third Wave Fund!". Third Wave Fund. Archived from the original on March 31, 2020. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). lsu.edu. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 21, 2016. Retrieved December 19, 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "To Be Real". rebeccawalker.com. Archived from the original on March 27, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Fisher, J. A. (May 16, 2013). "Today's Feminism: A Brief Look at Third-Wave Feminism". Being Feminist. Archived from the original on July 9, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Walker, Rebecca (2000). "Nonfiction Book Review: Black, White, and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self". Publishers Weekly. Riverhead Books. ISBN 978-1-57322-169-6. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Walker, Rebecca (March 4, 2008). Baby Love: Choosing Motherhood After a Lifetime of Ambivalence. Penguin. ISBN 9781440662836.
- "Rebecca Walker Explains Rift With Mother, Alice". NPR. Archived from the original on August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- Schultz, Laurie. "Review: Adé: A Love Story". nyjournalofbooks.com. Archived from the original on April 20, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Maran, Meredith (May 28, 2004), "What Little Boys are Made of", Salon, archived from the original on February 4, 2011, retrieved April 7, 2011
- Krum, Sharon (May 26, 2007). "Can I survive having a baby? Will I lose myself ... ?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on March 11, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- "A Conversation with Rebecca Walker » FLUX". FLUX. February 2, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
- PhD, Nsenga K. Burton (August 1, 2019). "Alice Walker: Hometown Celebrates Literary Legend's 75th Birthday". BlackPressUSA. Archived from the original on August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- Sneed, Shannon (July 18, 2019). "Alice Walker comes home". Eatonton Messenger. Archived from the original on August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- Staff (December 12, 2011). "Black Cool: One Thousand Streams of Blackness. Edited by Rebecca Walker" Archived February 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Publishers Weekly.
- Kellogg, Carolyn (March 25, 2014). "Madonna to film Rebecca Walker's 'Ade: A Love Story'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 25, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
- Women of Distinction Program Archived June 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
- NOW's First Annual Intrepid Awards Gala: Rebecca Walker Archived November 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. Now.org. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Dorsky, Kait. "Guides: UNCSA History: Honorary Doctorates". library.uncsa.edu. Archived from the original on November 6, 2020. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
- "Forty Under 40". The Advocate. June–July 2009. Archived from the original on January 16, 2010. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
- "BBC 100 Women 2016: Who is on the list?" Archived December 23, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, BBC News, November 21, 2016. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Rebecca Walker|
- "Becoming the Third Wave" by Rebecca Walker
- Curry, Ginette. "Toubab La!": Literary Representations of Mixed-race Characters in the African Diaspora, Newcastle, England: Cambridge Scholars Pub., 2007.
- Official site
- Official Myspace page
- Rebecca Walker at IMDb
- Third Wave Foundation
- Rebecca Walker, Excerpt: Black, White, and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self, The Multiracial Activist, December 1, 2000
- Book Forum article
- Editorial Work, Greater Good Magazine, Summer 2008